For What Purposes Do Companies Use Threat Intelligence?
Companies can use threat intelligence in various ways and for various purposes according to different needs. In case you are wondering the answer to ”For what purposes do companies use threat intelligence?”, you’re lucky today. As we mentioned in our previous articles, the important thing is to shape your threat intelligence process according to your goals. The tools you use may vary depending on your intelligence needs, the resources you have, and the people who will use the intelligence. Therefore, it is possible to examine threat intelligence in three categories by evaluating these factors. For what purposes do companies use threat intelligence?
1. Threat Intelligence Used for Technical Purposes
This type of intelligence, which includes tactics, methods, and methods frequently used by hackers and hacker groups, is called threat intelligence used for technical purposes. Threat intelligence used for technical purposes outlines the information about hackers. It describes the attack vectors targeting companies, how to defend themselves against them or how to mitigate the impact of attacks. Usually, it contains technical information, so the employees who are more directly involved in defending the company benefit from this intelligence.
You can easily access the threat intelligence used for technical purposes through the reports created by the cybersecurity providers. These reports, which describe the attack vectors and methods frequently used by hackers, provide information about the vulnerabilities targeted by attackers. In addition, it explains in detail the general strategies and tools used by hackers. The problems that arise are usually specific to the company and the sector, and it is essential to solving these problems quickly. Companies use this intelligence to perform security checks, improve potential problems, and facilitate incident response.
2. Threat Intelligence Used for Operational Purposes
Threat intelligence that examines specific attack vectors and their technical details are called threat intelligence used for operational purposes. In a nutshell, it contains information about cyberattacks, phishing campaigns, or ransomware. Incident response teams often benefit from this type of threat intelligence. The data helps teams understand the nature of cyberattacks, the hackers’ intent, and the overall plan of the campaign.
What Does It Include?
- Information on the attack vector used by hackers
- Targeted vulnerabilities
- Data on the command and control areas used
The most common example of this type of threat intelligence is threat data feed reports. Threat data feed reports address a single type of indicators such as malware or suspicious domains, and so on. You can obtain some information about specific attacks by infiltrating various networks or entering communication channels. We call these the closed sources. Because it contains a lot of technical information, many people think that threat intelligence used for operational purposes is the same as technical threat intelligence. Although these two types are similar, they are not the same.
Threat intelligence used for operational purposes is one of the most difficult to obtain. It is necessary to overcome various barriers to obtain such data. Since hackers often use private and encrypted channels when communicating, you must first circumvent these. For this, you may have to verify your identity. In addition, to communicate with foreign threat groups, you must know the language they speak. The second hurdle concerns the manual use of resources such as chat rooms and social media. Since there is a lot of information in these channels, you need to extract important information. Finally, while doing all this, you should remember that hackers use various codenames to hide their identities.
3. Threat Intelligence Used for Strategic Purposes
This type of threat intelligence appeals to a wider audience, so it usually doesn’t contain technical information. It helps companies recognize the threat landscape and create an overall strategy. So it often benefits senior executives and key decision-makers. Since it contains little technical information, it usually consists of reports or briefs. The reports should contain information about the risks you face, the methods and targets frequently used by threat actors, and the report should outline an action plan. In addition, it should provide information that the company may need on geopolitical problems and trends.
What Does It Include?
- Reports of non-governmental organizations
- Political statements of various states
- Industry-specific reports published by news agencies or experts
- Technical reviews and research reports by cybersecurity companies
The most important point in strategic threat intelligence is to decide what the intelligence needs are. In addition to the cybersecurity information we are used to in this type of intelligence, expert analysts’ sociopolitical and commercial investigations are included. Although the report is not a truly technical document, an in-depth data analysis is required for effective strategic threat intelligence. It can take a lot of time to collect and process data of this size manually. Sometimes, even the most knowledgeable experts with sufficient technical backgrounds may not achieve this. So automating the data collection and processing step can save you a lot of time. This will reduce the burden on analysts and make them more productive.
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