How Does Threat Intelligence Work?
Threat intelligence tools have been used by many companies in recent years. The data obtained from intelligence is often very effective against phishing attacks, even saving lives. So how is this data obtained? How does threat intelligence work?
How Does Threat Intelligence Work?
Contrary to what many think, threat intelligence is not just raw data. Cyber threat intelligence tools work in six steps. Data collection is just one of these steps. This includes the processing and analysis of intelligence data. Threat intelligence tools repeat a cycle constantly. Identifies new threats and information gaps in each cycle. It collects new information on these deficiencies. Advanced intelligence tools adapt themselves to this process over time and develop new methods. Let’s take a look at this cycle together.
How Does Threat Intelligence Work?: The Steps
1. Problem identification
The first step in gathering intelligence is to identify the problem and set goals. For this, you must first ask the right questions. These questions should be questions that guide intelligence, focusing on a concept, problem or action. You should avoid identifying common problems. You should focus more on the issues and problems that concern your company. The closer your target is to your core values, the more effective and faster the decision you will make as a result of intelligence. To achieve this, you may first think about who your decision will be of interest to or to whom it will benefit.
2. Data Digging
After determining your goal, it is time to collect the data that will get you to your goal. This data can be information such as historical information, event reports on your network. In addition, you can search the Internet outside of your network, the dark web, and browse technical resources. When it comes to raw threat data, most people think of malicious IP addresses, websites, attachments, links or files. However, personal information such as customer data, cybersecurity information, or raw codes you may encounter on news sites, social media may also be useful from time to time.
3. Data Evaluation
After collecting your data, it’s time to evaluate this data. The first goal in the evaluation process should be to put the data you obtained in an order of importance. As a result of this evaluation, you can label and organize data in various ways and discard unnecessary or incorrect data. Small companies, as well as large companies, collect, evaluate and analyze hundreds of data today. That’s why cyber analysts have a lot of work to do. If you want to collect and evaluate data quickly and effectively, you must automate these processes.
You can start automating by using security information and incident management tools. The correlation rules found in these tools are suitable for different uses and make data evaluation easier. Their only disadvantage is that they can handle a limited number of data types. If you use different types of unstructured data from multiple sources, you need to use different tools.
4. Data Analysis
After evaluating and extracting the data, it’s time to analyze the data. At this step, your goal should be to investigate potential cyber threats. Understanding cyber threats can make your job quite easy when planning cybersecurity or directing your IT team. After you outline the threats, you can report the threat intelligence you obtained to the teams. You can transmit this threat intelligence you have obtained in many different ways. But you should make this data accessible to teams.
You have prepared all the necessary steps and prepared your threat intelligence. Now it is time to distribute this data to the necessary places. This is why the intelligence-sharing stage, which is one of the most important steps in threat intelligence, is so critical. Because for intelligence to work, you have to get it to the right places and people.
In addition, it is very important to internalize the data you obtain in order to have correct communication between the systems. For this, you can integrate threat intelligence with your other tools. That way, you can review old data and pass it on to different teams whenever you encounter a new intelligence request.
It’s the last step. This step is to improve your threat intelligence loop. Efficient threat intelligence needs to be in constant evolution. That’s why it is very important to get feedback from the people and teams you distribute intelligence to. In this step, the person requesting the intelligence must examine the data and report whether the data is useful or not. Repeating this step constantly will help you improve your intelligence cycle.
How Does Threat Intelligence Work?: The Best Threat Intelligence Tool
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