Most Important Phishing Types and Detection Methods
When hackers pretend to be from a real company and trick users by phone, text message, or e-mail, it is called phishing. Hackers may ask you for your password, bank account information, and address, using false events as an excuse. They try to trick you into handing this sensitive data over to them. In this piece, we will give you information about the most important phishing types and detection methods to prevent these attacks.
Most Important Phishing Types and Detection Methods: Purpose of Phishing Attacks
In phishing attacks, hackers often want to capture your bank account information or credentials. This and similar information is sensitive information. Hackers use social engineering methods to steal them. For example, you may receive an email, text message, or phone call that looks like it comes from your favorite sites like Facebook, Instagram, LinkedIn. They usually try to trap you by using malware or malicious links in messages or searches. So anything that looks innocent is not what it seems.
The following situations may indicate that you are dealing with phishing:
- Emails from a company you don’t know: Hackers can send phishing emails to thousands of users simultaneously. If you have received an e-mail from a company you do not know, never reply to the e-mail.
- Messages containing e-mail spelling and grammatical errors: Since official companies check their e-mail several times, there should be almost no errors in the e-mail.
- Buyers who ask for your account information: The company will never ask you for details such as your username or account number. This information is already available from databases.
- Emergency messages: In almost all phishing attacks, hackers make excuses for panic-inducing situations. If the email asks you to respond right away or in a short time, think again.
- Messages with potentially malicious links or attachments: The links in the emails you receive may appear legitimate, but hackers have become adept at impersonating links. So don’t click on a link whose source you don’t know. In case of doubt, access the information you want by visiting the company’s official site.
Today, phishing attacks have also improved, and various types of phishing have emerged. To prevent your sensitive information from falling into the hands of hackers, you must know and protect yourself against these important types of phishing. Here are the most important types of phishing and detection methods.
Most Important Phishing Types and Detection Methods
1. Classic Phishing
We are talking about the most common phishing attacks performed so far; classic phishing attacks are often called deceptive phishing attacks. In this type of attack, hackers imitate a real, well-known company. In their message, they send you a link and ask you to click on it. When you click on the link, your sensitive information is requested on the site that appears. You can detect deceptive phishing by paying attention to the content of the e-mail, the sender’s address, spelling, grammar, and visual errors.
2. Spear Phishing
Spear phishing attacks are the classic phishing attacks targeting a single person. Hackers create their plans in a more targeted way. Personalized messages, images, and topics are used in these types of attacks. The phishing email includes the victim’s name, the company they work for, and/or their personal information. But don’t be fooled by these phishing attacks. Even if your name is addressed in the e-mail, your company name or personal information is included; this is information that can be obtained from various places such as social media. This type of information does not make the e-mail legitimate. When you receive such an e-mail, notify your security team quickly. You can use our Incident Response tool for this. Our tool is designed to catch e-mails that bypass your systems and progress to your e-mail. With this tool, your employees can report suspicious emails with one click.
3. SMS Phishing
Smishing, also known as SMS phishing, is the version of classic phishing attacks using SMS. Hackers reach you via SMS to capture your personal information. Likewise, they can add a link or a fake form to the text message. Although it may seem realistic, ignore SMS messages from senders you do not know or trust. In particular, do not click on links or forms in these text messages.
4. Voice Phishing
Voice phishing, also known as Vishing, is a version of classic phishing attacks using phone calls. Hackers reach out to you via your phone and ask for your personal information. They often use tools such as Voice Over Internet Protocol (VOIP) tools to change or hide their voices. They can use pre-recorded voicemails for calls. Whatever happens, do not answer calls from unfamiliar phone numbers, never share your personal information on a phone call.
5. Whaling Attacks
Like spear-phishing attacks, Whaling attacks target a single user. But unlike spear phishing, in Whaling attacks, hackers often target senior executives and CEOs. In these types of attacks, personalized e-mails are used, embellished with topics and contents of particular interest to senior executives. So be sure to raise awareness of your employees, including senior executives, with cybersecurity training. You can use our Cyber Security Awareness Trainer for this. In our tool, we use multi-layered cybersecurity training content to ensure that employees enjoy training while learning. You can visit our site for more information.
Most Important Phishing Types and Detection Methods: What to Do?
In these cyberattacks, you can often receive an official-looking email or threatening phone calls that mention an emergency. At this point, all you have to do is stay calm and look for clues that could indicate that this incident was a phishing attack. Most importantly, you should never share any personal information until you understand whether it is legitimate or not.